What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Posted by Dr. Bipinjit Kaur on Oct 12 2022, 06:40 AM

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. This occurs when plaque and bacteria build up at the gum line. If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, an advanced stage of gum disease.

Here are some factors resulting in gum disease:

Poor Oral Hygiene

When you don’t brush or floss your teeth daily, plaque and bacteria build up on the teeth and along the gum line. This can cause gingivitis, which is an early form of gum disease. It is important to have professional teeth cleaning at least twice per year to remove plaque from places your toothbrush can’t reach.

Without proper oral hygiene, the gums can become red and swollen and may bleed easily when you brush or floss your teeth. The condition can progress to periodontitis as the bacteria in your mouth destroy the soft tissue and bone that hold your teeth in place. This can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Brushing twice a day for two minutes each time and flossing once a day can help to prevent this common problem.


Genetics is one major cause of gum disease. If one of your parents or grandparents dealt with gum disease, you are at increased risk of developing it, as well. Such patients should get a thorough dental checkup from a dentist from time to time.


Cigarettes and other forms of tobacco are highly toxic to the gums, which greatly increases your risk of gum disease. Tobacco products also stain the teeth. Wearers typically notice a yellow-brown hue along the gum line. This discoloration may be an early warning sign of disease. Cigarette smokers are four times more likely to develop periodontal disease than non-smokers.

Certain Medications

Blood pressure medications, antidepressants, pain relievers, and diuretics can all contribute to dry mouth. It is important to notify your dentist about any over-the-counter drugs you are taking or if you are pregnant so that you can be proactive about your oral health.

Dry Mouth

A dry mouth allows plaque to adhere more easily to the teeth and gums. Plaque buildup leads to inflammation and, eventually, infection of the gum tissue. Eventually, this can morph into periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the soft tissue that supports the teeth. The bacteria that cause periodontitis has been shown to increase the risk for cardiovascular disease and even stroke!

Get the best dental services from the expert team of dental assistants led by Dr. Bipinjit Kaur at Tracy Arch Dental, Tracy, California. For more details and appointments, call us at (209) 820-0789, book online, or visit us at 1920 West Grant Line Road, Tracy, CA 95376.

Share On

Leave A Reply

Please fill all the fields.

1920 West Grant Line Road,
Tracy, CA 95376

Phone: (209) 820-0789

Fax: (209) 221-0167

Office Hours

MON - THU 8:30 am - 5:30 pm

FRI By appointments only.

SAT - SUN Closed

Get in Touch


Call: (209) 820-0789